20090312-133558-20090305_kipahulu

自然保育協會捐地 茂宜島哈雷亞卡拉國家公園獲贈

  • 作者 TEIA台灣環境資訊協會
  • 日期 2009.03.05
摘譯自2009年3月5日ENS美國,夏威夷報導;鄭佳宜編譯;禾引審校

美國自然保育協會(The Nature Conservancy)捐贈茂宜島東部34公頃給國家公園管理處,官員表示,這塊贈地將開發為前往哈雷亞卡拉國家公園內Kipahulu峽谷的通道。

這塊贈地位於Kipahulu區內激流峽谷(‘Ohe’o Gulch)靠近哈那(Hana)的沿海高地,卡黛利亞. 梅(Cordelia May)房地產公司在2005年贈與自然保育協會。

「承這兩個機構極大的情,」哈雷亞卡拉國家公園監理人奎般(M. Sarah Creabaum)表示:「我們才能新增前往公園的交通方式,開發一條可抵達Kipahulu的正式道路,並增加一個公園入口。」

目前,Kipahulu區並沒有正式的公園入口,遊客沿著哈那高速公路、經過峽谷附近的彎道後,便會赫然發覺他們已身在園中。

夏威夷自然保育協會的執行總監凱斯(Suzanne Case)說,協會對這塊地的關注可上溯80年代,當時便曾探詢,在回贈給國家公園的前提之下,梅(Cordelia May)是否可能贈送這個地產給保育協會;在她過世25年後,梅遺贈了這個禮物。

「熟知這段歷史使我們有種特別的使命感,認為有義務守信,」凱斯解釋:「所以我們依照當年承諾,捐出而非賣出。」

「我們對已逝的梅女士有極高敬意,若非她慷慨贈與,便不會有這一切。」自然保育協會夏威夷分會長麥克諾頓(Duncan MacNaughton)說:「她是個富同情心又有責任感的慈善家和保育人士,熱愛鳥類,因而對於保育夏威夷森林的重要性頗有個人見解。」

梅的遺產將透過她在賓州匹茲堡建立的Colcom基金會和Laurel基金會,持續參與環境和保育活動。

這34公頃地被暱稱為「May’s Mauka」,大多是被非原生樹和草覆蓋的林地。Mauka在夏威夷話的意思是「向山」,這塊地並沒有特殊的生物多樣性價值,但有獨特的空間和文化意義,可提供旅客探訪以傳統方式種植芋頭的農家。

哈雷亞卡拉國家公園Kipahulu區是自然保育協會在夏威夷的第一個計畫,早在60年代至70年代初期,協會就曾募集100萬美金購買Kipahulu峽谷周圍不屬於公園的土地。

協會先捐出峽谷上方3717公頃自然林地給國家公園,就是今天東茂宜流域夥伴(East Maui Watershed Partnership)的重要一環。

因為認同協會的保育理念,一個私人地主和夏威夷州政府陸續贈地給哈雷亞卡拉國家公園,使其範圍從山上拓展到沿海。

數千名遊客得以欣賞Pipiwai河和Palikea河在激流峽谷連續幾個盆地形成的瀑布,其中一個部份被稱為「七聖池」。May’s Mauka是梅女士第二次贈與的土地,第一次是在2007年以限定保育用途為條件賣給翁女士(Sue Wong)。

Nature Conservancy Adds Land to Maui’s Haleakala National Park
HONOLULU, Hawaii, March 5, 2009 (ENS) –

The Nature Conservancy has donated 34 acres of land in east Maui to the National Park Service, which officials say will be used to create a “gateway” to the Kipahulu portion of Haleakala National Park.

The 34-acre parcel sits above the coastal highway on the Hana side of ‘Ohe’o Gulch at Kipahulu. The land was bequeathed to The Nature Conservancy in 2005 from the Estate of Cordelia May.

“We owe a debt of gratitude to Cordelia May and to The Nature Conservancy for the donation of this land,” said Haleakala National Park Superintendent M. Sarah Creachbaum. “With it, we will be able to greatly improve access to the park. It will enable us to create an official gateway to Kipahulu and showcase the park’s entrance.”

Currently, there is no formal entrance to the Kipahulu portion of the park. Visitors arriving along the Hana Highway round the bend at  he Gulch and suddenly find they are in the park.

Suzanne Case, Hawaii executive director for The Nature Conservancy, said the Conservancy’s interest in the parcel dates to 1980. Back then, the organization asked May to consider a gift of the property with the understanding that the Conservancy would donate it to Haleakala National Park. Upon her death 25 years later, May made the bequest.

“Knowing this history, we felt a special obligation to honor our commitment,” Case said. “That’s why we are donating the property and not selling it.”

“It is with deep gratitude that we remember the late Cordelia May, whose bequest made this donation possible,” said Nature Conservancy of Hawaii Board Chair Duncan MacNaughton. “She was a caring and committed philanthropist and conservationist – an ardent birder who personally understood the need to protect Hawaiian forests.”

May’s legacy continues to serve environmental and conservation causes through the foundations she established, the Colcom Foundation and Laurel Foundation, based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Upland pasture with ancient rock wall near ‘Ohe’o Gulch at Kipahulu (Photo courtesy HawaiiWeb)
Dubbed “May’s Mauka,” the 34-acre parcel is mostly pastureland covered by non-native trees and grasses. Mauka is the Hawaiian word for ‘toward the mountains.’ The land does not hold significant biodiversity value, but it does have value as open space, and provides access to culturally significant sites where taro farming is carried on the traditional manner.

The Kipahulu portion of Haleakala National Park was the Conservancy’s first project in Hawaii. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the Conservancy raised $1 million to purchase lands in Kipahulu Valley for addition to the park.

The Conservancy first donated the 3,717-acre upper valley intact native forest to the national park, which today forms an important part of the East Maui Watershed Partnership.

A private landowner and the State of Hawaii joined with the Conservancy and donated land to create and expand Haleakala National Park, so that it would eventually stretch from the mountain to the sea.

Today, thousands of visitors enjoy the beauty of Pipiwai and Palikea streams as they cascade through a series of basins within he Gulch at Kipahulu. A part of this cascade is known as the Seven Sacred Pools.

The streams are inhabited by many unique species of plants, fish, and invertebrates. High above the streams, pristine native forest on the upper slopes of Haleakala protects critical watersheds and habitat for several endangered forest birds and rare plants.

May’s Mauka is the second parcel donated to the Conservancy by Cordelia May. The first, a 35-acre Kipahulu coastal property, was sold with conservation restrictions to Sue Wong in 2007.

Wong, a successful Los Angeles fashion designer with strong ties to the Kipahulu community, paid $3.6 million for the land. Those funds are now being used to protect the native forests of east Maui, as well as other important forestlands across the state.

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